Like most doctors/P.T.'s, I used to use a standard process of finding what was wrong with my patients. It usually consisted of testing the affected area with orthopedic tests. As I pursued my rehab specialty I found that there is more to consider, that the hip bone is indeed connected to the thigh bone. I was taught to look at the whole, as opposed to the sum of it's parts. In previous posts I mentioned how the hip can be a major contributing factor in lower back and knee issues(see "The bad neighbor"), today I want to share how we find just that.
Our body is a moving chain?
At least that's what I used to tell everyone, but really it's alternating series of mobile and stable links. Life is dynamic, and we ask our bodies to move and conform to every imaginable task we set out to perform (sit, stand, crouch, squat or crawl). There is a new approach in manual medicine(Chiropractic and Physical Therapy) called Functional Movement Analysis is a new approach that we use to figure out why certain movements, or lack thereof, are causing the body to overuse and break down. It tells us if the areas that should be moving are moving & if the areas that are supposed to be stabilizing are stabilizing. These patterns are universal to all of us and when disrupted or absent create undo stress to certain critical body parts.
What's in a test?
Any movement can be a functional test, something as simple as watching someone rise from a chair, squat down or jump down off of a box. Lets consider the squat. By analyzing figure 1 the squatter on the right needs to work on the amount her upper back can bend backward (extend). She could also use some lower back stability training and ankle mobility as well. Hopefully it's easy to imagine the squatter on the left being able to endure more squatting without injury over the squatter on the right, because that is the case.
|Figure 1 courtesy of NASM|
The news is getting out.
Several recent studies performed by orthopedist are being published supporting this theory of "the bad neighbor". That shoulder problems and knee problems are greatly affected by related body parts, and that just treating the affected area is just sweeping the dirt under the rug. Study on how shoulder pain is connected to hip issues. As well as a great post on the influence of hip and ankle on knee pain.
These "functional" testing procedures not only allow for detection of impending injuries but we also use them as a baseline to measure future progress. After finding these underlying problems, specific corrective exercises are prescribed to correct it. (mentioned in this post). In fact we usually see improvements in the first treatment. There are many systems of testing out there, all of them have merit and while we favor a select few, we use most of them in some form or another. The Super Bowl winning Seattle Seahawks use this as a guide for off season training and injury prevention, and if it's good enough for them, well you know how that goes...
Dr. Serafim is a Rehabilitation and a Strength and Conditioning Specialist. He lives and works in the Exton PA area and has devoted himself to furthering his understanding of movement related disorders, and is level 2 functional movement screen certified. He teaches continuing education and operates a private practice. More information can be found at Kinetx.org and feel free to like us at our Facebook Page page.